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Laravel vs Symfony – Which PHP Framework Choose For Your Project?
Deciding on which of these two will be better for your project could be difficult – both of them have some pros and cons, which you should know before you selected Laravel or Symfony. That is why we decided to prepare a quick comparison between these two, and we hope that after reading this article, you will not have any doubts about which of these frameworks will be the best for you.
Laravel & Symfony – basics information about both frameworks
Laravel is an open-source framework that follows a model-view-controller design pattern. It reuses existing components of different frameworks to create a web application. It also consists of basic features of PHP frameworks like Yii, CodeIgniter, or Ruby on Rails. If you have a good knowledge of Core PHP and Advanced PHP, Laravel will occur for you so much easier. It is well-known for its simple coding approach and reducing the development time framework, which is great for developing a PHP application.
Symfony – this framework is also based on open-source PHP projects like Propel, Doctrine, PHPUnit, Twig, and Swift Mailer. Despite the fact, that it has its components like Symfony YAML, Symfony Event Dispatcher, Symfony Dependency Injector, and Symfony Templating. Since 2005 Symfony has risen as a more and more reliable and mature framework. It is mainly used for complex enterprise projects.
The first one is the most obvious – they both use PHP as their programming language.
They are cross-platform, which means that they are computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.
It is worth mentioning that both are multi-user and multi-language content. The two provide the scaffolding of the application, pattern for interfaces, and support text search.
Despite some similarities connecting these two frameworks, we are definitely able to point out differences too.
Symfony might be named as a conventional PHP language – it could be modified to C# or Java, but of course, it consists of unique and one-of-a-kind elements which make it outstanding. These days, Laravel appears as the most popular PHP framework. It relies more on magic methods and traits. This makes the code shorter and the whole framework easier to understand. Symfony is designed for a bit larger-scale or more complex projects containing huge features and is used by a significant number of clients. At the same time, Laravel is related to the MVC design pattern, which was aforementioned. When it goes to scalability, if you choose Laravel, you should be aware of the necessity of writing the code for handling this. Symfony provides several platforms for maintaining scalability – it scores a point.
Templating engine – Symfony supplies Twig, but Laravel provides Blade, which has a great benefit – you could reusable the code. That option does not exist in Twig.
If you are interested in database support – both provide object-relational mapping for data access. Symfony uses Doctrine, Laravel – Eloquent.
And last but not least – the speed. In Laravel speed of the application is similar to the other PHP application. It secures a proper version control system, which helps the migration of applications later. If Symfony is properly implemented, the speed of the application improves. It adjusts an individual core feature speed, so the whole application can easily decide which features are required at the moment.
Pros & Cons of Laravel and Symfony – Comparison of PHP frameworks
- It stays updated with the newest version of PHP features.
- It allows the integration of apps and the most popular email services through API.
- It is also compatible with other third-party platforms and libraries.
- It has a large ecosystem of additional tools.
- Some applications built in Laravel might be heavier for faster loading on mobile.
- Updates are not compatible – it probable that if you update Laravel to the newer version, you could break the code.
- A significant amount of developers are using Symfony actively. Its community is one of the biggest in the market.
- Well-known platforms like Drupal, Magento, and eZ Publish use Symfony, so it is a good recommendation for this framework.
- Symfony is regularly updated to keep it up-to-date with web developers’ needs.
- In the begging, you could find it harder to learn Symfony than the other PHP framework.
- It relies on other technologies so that some applications could load slower – there is a lack of origin elements.
- Because of the need to prebuilt code for multiple uses, it requires more time for testing, and, as a result, the development process is slower.
|Modularity and Scaling
Utilizes MVC-based apps, with a number of pre-built dependencies. This makes it slightly less flexible, but more user-friendly if you’re using MVC- apps.
Uses reusable components, ensuring more robust modularity. Code is organized better.
The default templating engine is Blade, allowing for code reusability that you don’t get with Twig. Lumen is another sub-framework the framework uses, making it perfect for building APIs.
Uses Twig as its default templating engine.
Utilizes object-relational mapping (ORM) for data access through Eloquent. Laravel supports the following databases out of the box: MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite and SQLServer.
Utilizes object-relational mapping (ORM) for data access through Doctrine. Symfony supports the following databases out of the box: Drizzle, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SAP Sybase SQL Anywhere, SQLite, SQLServer.
Database migrations are manual, but don’t require defining fields.
Data migrations happen automatically, requiring only simple definitions for fields within the model.
Requires substantial knowledge of SQL. Eloquent also usually ties your app to the DB schema design, making it much less flexible in that regard.
Does not require significant SQL knowledge, though you must create a repository for each call.
When is Laravel better than Symfony (and the other way ground)?
Laravel seems to be perfect for projects when you need to develop your app quickly, and you do not want to spend so much money. When you decide to download Laravel, you will get many ready-to-use implementations that make the work easier. But on the other hand, not every solution will occur useful for you, and you might have never used it.
When it goes for the authorization with this framework is extremely easy – you should only configure a database and models during migration.
Magic methods are the greatest advantage of Laravel – you can avoid too complicated and too long code. It is saving the time, money, and mental health of your web developer.
Symfony is an answer for long-term, complex projects. It requires you higher financial outlays, but it returns the favor when you want to personalize your app. New versions of Symfony – for example, Symfony 4 provides you with only the most necessary things and allows you to add only those elements you will truly demand. This framework consists of bundles – you can make profound changes at the level of the bundle, and as a result, you do have not to change the whole project.
Symfony can be quicker than other frameworks – its speed depends on the velocity of individual elements, so a good selection might be helpful.
Laravel and Symphony are both popular and trustworthy. As we mentioned before, the crucial thing is to consider what project we want to launch, what features it should have, and what goal we want to achieve. We hope that after answering these questions and reading the article, this hard choice became clear.
PHP Frameworks FAQ
What are the advantages of the Laravel Framework?
Laravel has many advantages. First of all, it has a very friendly syntax and excellent documentation. It is very flexible, easy to scale and expand. It's super popular - it's easy to find a developer and help the community. Quick and ready to integrate with the front-end - a big advantage. CLI, LTS, cron jobs - it's all ready to use.
What are the advantages of Symfony Framework?
Symfony allows everyone to work quickly and efficiently. It has a huge amount of reusable components to use in many situations. Twig, the Templating system in Laravel is one of the most popular among programmers. Symfony allows you to debug the network, has a huge community, plug-in packages. Developers like Symfony because it is user-friendly.
What are the other PHP frameworks?
Laravel and Symfony are not the only PHP frameworks. Others are: Codeigniter, cakePHP, Yii, Zend Framework, Phalcon, FuelPHP, PHpixie, Slim.
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