software development team
Mariusz Interewicz Updated: 28 Nov 2022 7 min to read

Software Development Team – Key Roles & Structure

A successful software development team works like a well-oiled machine, with each team member making important contributions to the final project.

Although Agile software development teams are designed to be flexible, the truth is that there isn’t one person who can handle the entire development process. Even for small projects, you’re likely going to need a team to pull everything together.

In order for your Agile software development team to generate the results you’re looking for, you’ll need a defined team structure with designated roles for each person. In this article, we’re going to take a look at how you can build an effective software development team and what these roles should look like.

What factors influence the size and structure of a development team?

There isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution to building a development team. What works for one project isn’t necessarily going to work for another – even for two projects within the same company! There are a variety of factors that will ultimately influence the size and structure of your development team.

Type of Software

The type of software you are working on can make a huge difference in the way you structure your software development team. This is because each software program has its own unique technology and requires specific skill sets to work. Many of today’s tech professionals have specialized skill sets, and you’ll need to find the right people for the specific type of technology you’re working with. Many Agile programs opt for a hybrid team approach that uses both specialists and generalists to bring everything together.


Sometimes your budget will limit the type of talent and the team structure for your project. When assessing your budget, you’ll need to be realistic about what you can afford and decide how to use your budget in the most efficient way possible.

Project Size

If your project is relatively small, you likely will need fewer team members to get the job done. Smaller projects are more likely to use generalist teams, where each person has a broader skillset and can handle many different types of tasks. For large projects, you will typically need to hire more specialists to get every task completed.


No two projects are the same, so before completing the team, we carefully analyze the needs and potential paths of product development. We also try to anticipate the growing demand for employees in advance – this allows the project to keep up pace. Paul Jackowski CEO, ASPER BROTHERS Let's Talk


Agile Team Structure

The Agile methodology emphasizes productivity, transparency, and flexibility in the software development process. It is intended to work on an ongoing basis, with chunks of time divided into shorter sprints. Each sprint results in tangible product delivery, whether that is an entire software program, specific parts of a program, or a program update.

Your software development team should be constructed with the Agile principles in mind. Here are the roles and responsibilities to fill during the hiring process for your software development team.

Product Owner

The product owner is typically a key stakeholder in the overall project. They typically have a broad vision for what the final product needs to look like and how it will impact the end-user. In most cases, the product owner also works directly with the client to make sure their needs are met and help define the project scope.

They also supervise the software development team as a whole and ensure that things are staying on track to meet project requirements. The product owner may even be part of the hiring process for the rest of the team. The product owner is not a specialist – instead, they guide and support the team to make sure the project is moving in the right direction.

Project Manager

Project managers are much more hands-on than the product owner. Depending on the type of Agile framework you are using, the project manager may also be referred to as a scrum master or a team lead.

The project manager is the person responsible for determining who will handle which tasks and when things will get done. They also facilitate communication between team members and document the team’s progress for the product owner and other stakeholders. They can also provide resources to help each team member meet their individual goals.


software development team structure

Team members may rotate. It is important that the people responsible for coordinating the work are the same from start to finish.


Business Analyst

The business analyst bridges the gap between technology and business on the project. The project’s success is just as dependent on a good business model as it is on good technology. The business analyst assesses the current market and customer trends and determines how the software project fits into that. They also help determine how the end product will generate revenue and how they can keep development costs in line with that.

Frontend Developers

The frontend developers are responsible for creating the part of the software product that the user sees. The developers are the team members who write code and handle the technical aspects of the project. They take the concept from the designer and create the user interface. They also work with the backend developers and other members of the team to make sure that the front end integrates properly with the back end.

This team member is ultimately the one responsible for creating a smooth user experience. They must consider all of the ways the user could interact with the program and account for any possible challenges. If the software program is going to be available on multiple platforms, the frontend developers develop the code for each platform.

Backend Developers

The backend development team works on the behind-the-scenes functionality of the software program. While users don’t directly see the backend of the software program, it is essential for keeping the software program running.

Backend software developers are heavily experienced with coding and are often specialists. They work closely with other members of the development team to bring the functions of the app to life.

UX/UI Designer

The UX and UI designers are responsible for the way the software program looks and feels. UX stands for “user experience”, while UI stands for “user interface”. Some designers specialize in either UX or UI, while others are experienced with both. The designer will determine how the software program looks aesthetically as well as the way the features flow together. They work closely with the frontend development team throughout the project.

QA Specialist

QA engineers perform quality assurance on the software project at various points throughout the development process. They ensure that the product is working as intended and identify problems that the development team may have missed. The QA team is consistently testing the software to see how it is working, whether there are any bugs, and how the program could be improved.

QA engineers also consider the requirements and scope set out by the product owner and project manager, and work to make sure the project stays on track. They provide reports to the rest of the software development team about the overall quality and progress of the program.

DevOps Specialist

The term DevOps refers to the terms “development” and “operations”. DevOps professionals are versatile technical specialists who keep the software program running. They start by creating a stable environment for the software developers to build in. They also optimize and streamline the process of building software, making it faster and easier for developers to get their jobs done.

They also manage the security of the software program throughout the entire development process and once the software has launched. One of the most important tasks for the DevOps team is deploying the software program. They plan the deployment process and ensure that the software launches smoothly. After the software launch, the DevOps team keeps the software program running securely and smoothly.

These are some of the most common roles you’ll find in a software development team, but they aren’t the only ones. Some teams will have other specialist roles, or won’t have one of these main roles, depending on the project you are working on.

Agile vs. Traditional Team: What Are The Benefits?

When building a software development team, there are many benefits to using an Agile framework. The principles of Agile incorporate both efficiency and flexibility, which helps teams maximize their potential and get more done. Here are some of the key benefits of using an Agile software development team.



SCRUM as a proven Agile framework works great in software projects where cyclic verification of progress and the introduction of necessary modifications to the chosen direction is required.



Because efficiency is an important principle of the Agile framework, team members have a lot of control over their own workflow. While the project manager does guide the team and provide resources, ultimately each individual team member is responsible for their own work. By giving the team more control over the way they work, it enables each member to work in a way that is most efficient for them.


Agile gives software development teams room to adjust their scope, goals, and workflow throughout the process in collaboration with the product owner. It acknowledges that things can evolve throughout the work process and allows for change in a way that can be very beneficial to the end goal.


The Agile framework encourages teams to work together collaboratively as a unit. While each member has their own specific tasks, the team is evaluated as a whole. The team also focuses more on each member’s unique skills rather than titles or hierarchy. This creates an environment where teams are motivated to work together towards a common goal.


Agile sprints are designed to make workflows as efficient as possible. Teams focus on one task at a time to maximize the quality of the work. While teams do document their work, they do so in a very efficient manner to keep the work streamlined.

Final Thoughts

When working on a software project, you’ll want to consider the structure of your development team very carefully. Building a reliable software program requires a broad skill and knowledge base, and your team will need to reflect this. Using the Agile structure can help you make better use of your team member’s individual talents and be more productive in the process.


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